The samba is considered the dance of celebration and joy at carnival celebrations in Brazil. Lively and rhythmic, there are many types of samba dances, just as there are many types of samba music.
The Couple Samba, one of the most popular Latin dances, is made up of several different South American dances mixed into one. In Brazil, a samba dancer is known as a sambista.
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The latin Samba was created to accommodate partner dancing therefore its execution differs from the Samba carnaval.
Couple Samba characteristic
Walking steps and side steps are the basic components of Samba. The major characteristic of the Samba is the vertical bounce action. Steps are taken using the ball of the foot. Knee action, along with body sway and “pendulum motion” in the accomplished dancer, is made to look effortless and carefree.
Samba is one of the latin dances. Most steps are danced with a slight downward bouncing or dropping action. This action is created through the bending and straightening of the knees, with bending occurring on the beats of 1 and 2, and the straightening occurring between. Ballroom Samba and Brazilian Samba are very different and ballroom samba as a dance sometimes can look very disconnected from the origins if not done properly. Watch our classes.
The major action of samba, known as the "samba bounce action," gives the dance its unique look and feel. The samba bounce action is a gentle, rhythmic action felt through the knees and ankles. Samba dancers must strive to make this action appear effortless and carefree. It should never be exaggerated. The bounce action is quite difficult to master and is the foundation of the overall character of the samba.
Samba music, with its distinctive rhythm, is highlighted by original Brazilian musical instruments, including the tamborim, chocalho, reco-reco and cabaca. Samba is danced to music with a tempo of about 100 beats per minute. The fast and energetic rhythm of samba music encourages spontaneous dancing, such as in the streets during a Carnival celebration.